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What Causes the Dog to Vomit Bile?

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Dog vomit looks ugly and smells awful. Quite often, vomiting happens when the canine has indulged in something that doesn’t go down well with its stomach. It’s normal for dogs to vomit. But when the vomit seems to have bile in it, that’s a red flag.

Bile is yellow-green in color. It’s actually made in the liver and kept inside the gallbladder. It’s used for digestion purposes. As a matter of fact, bile drips automatically into the stomach once food has been swallowed through the mouth.

Bilious Vomiting Syndrome

Bilious Vomiting Syndrome is triggered by hunger. When the dog goes hungry for many hours, the intestines are likely to get inflamed. This is because bile is acidic in nature and can therefore corrode the walls of the intestines when there is no food.

This eventually causes bile to leak into other parts of the digestive system. If your dog is suffering from this condition, you should consider giving him something to eat in between meal times so that the bile doesn’t land on an empty stomach.

GI Illnesses

If your dog’s vomit has bile, you should call your vet to examine it as soon as you can. You should not wait until the condition has persisted. The acidic nature posses a great threat to the tube that transports food from the mouth to the stomach.

The vet can find a way to stop the vomiting to allow the inflamed esophagus to recover. There are also instances when bile vomit is caused by other diseases that affect the stomach such as cancer, ulcers and parasites. Unless these underlying illnesses are remedied, the dog will still vomit bile.


It’s not healthy to give your dog food that has too much fat content. These fats cause the pancreas to stop functioning normally due to inflammation. Pancreatitis causes the dog to experience sharp stomach pain, vomiting and diarrhoea.  Since you can’t treat the condition on you own, it’s advisable to take the dog to the nearest hospital. In the mean time, you should give the dog plenty of water to neutralize the fats.


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